Thursday, September 17, 2020

What you will need for the Rosh Hashana seder

Rosh Hashana - the Jewish New Year - begins tomorrow evening. In the Sephardi tradition,   a seder of ritual foods is eaten, preceded by the reciting of ' Yehi Ratzon ' (May it be thy will' ) blessings. Here is a guide to what you will need, courtesy of Chabad.


                          WISHING ALL BLOG READERS SHANA TOVA!


On both nights of Rosh Hashanah, a number of foods are eaten to symbolize our prayers and hopes for a sweet new year. Many of these foods were specifically chosen because their Hebrew names are related to other Hebrew words that convey our wishes for the coming year.

An accompanying prayer is recited, expressing our wishes inherent in these words and foods.2 Recite each prayer while holding the particular food in the right hand, immediately before it is eaten. 

Before Rosh Hashanah, gather the following items:
 • Dates 
• Small light colored beans
 • Leeks 
• Beets (spinach)
• Gourd
 • Pomegranate
 • Apple (cooked in sugar) and honey
 • Head of a ram (or a fish) 

After chanting kiddush, washing, and breaking bread, the following foods are eaten: 

תמרים Dates. Related to the word תם—to end. 
Take a date and recite: בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱלֹהינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם בּוֹרֵא פְּרִי הָעֵץ Blessed are You, Lord our G d, King of the universe, who creates the fruit of the tree. 
After eating the date, take another one and say: יְהִי רָצוֹן מִלְּפָנֶיךָ ה' אֱלֹהינוּ וֵאלֵֹהי אֲבוֹתֵינוּ, שֶׁיִּתַּמּוּ אוֹיְבֵינוּ וְשׂוֹנְאֵינוּ וְכָל מְבַקְשֵׁי רָעָתֵנוּ May it be Your will, Lord our G d and the G d of our fathers, that there come an end to our enemies, haters and those who wish evil upon us.

 רוביא—לוביא Small beans. Related to the words, רב—many, and לב—heart. (The following blessing over vegetables is only recited if one has not recited the blessing over bread:


בָּרוּךְ אַתָּה ה' אֱלֹהינוּ מֶלֶךְ הָעוֹלָם בּוֹרֵא פְּרִי הָאֲדָמָה Blessed are You, Lord our G d, King of the universe, who creates the fruit of the earth.) Take some white beans and say: יְהִי רָצוֹן מִלְּפָנֶיךָ ה' אֱלֹהינוּ וֵאלֵֹהי אֲבוֹתֵינוּ, שֶׁיִּרְבּוּ זָכִיּוֹתֵינוּ וּתְלַבְּבֵנוּ May it be Your will, Lord our G d and the G d of our fathers, that our merits shall increase and that You hearten us.

 כרתי Leek. Related to the word כרת—to cut. Take a leek and say: יְהִי רָצוֹן מִלְּפָנֶיךָ ה' אֱלֹהינוּ וֵאלֵֹהי אֲבוֹתֵינוּ, שֶׁיִּכָּרְתוּ אוֹיְבֵינוּ וְשׂוֹנְאֵינוּ וְכָל מְבַקְשֵׁי רָעָתֵנוּ May it be Your will, Lord our G d and the G d of our fathers, that our enemies, haters, and those who wish evil upon us shall be cut down.

 סלקא Beets. Related to the word סלק—to depart. Take a beet and say: יְהִי רָצוֹן מִלְּפָנֶיךָ ה' אֱלֹהינוּ וֵאלֵֹהי אֲבוֹתֵינוּ, שֶׁיִּסְתַּלְּקוּ אוֹיְבֵינוּ וְשׂוֹנְאֵינוּ וְכָל מְבַקְשֵׁי רָעָתֵנוּ May it be Your will, Lord our G d and the G d of our fathers, that our enemies, haters and those who wish evil upon us shall depart. 

קרא Gourd. Related to the word קרע—to rip apart, and also קרא—to announce. Take a gourd and say: יְהִי רָצוֹן מִלְּפָנֶיךָ ה' אֱלֹהינוּ וֵאלֵֹהי אֲבוֹתֵינוּ, שֶׁתִּקְרַע רוֹעַ גְּזַר דִּינֵנוּ, וְיִקָּרְאוּ לְפָנֶיךָ זָכִיּוֹתֵינוּ May it be Your will, Lord our G d and the G d of our fathers, that the evil of our verdicts be ripped, and that our merits be announced before you. 

רימון Pomegranate. Take the pomegranate and say: יְהִי רָצוֹן מִלְּפָנֶיךָ ה' אֱלֹהינוּ וֵאלֵֹהי אֲבוֹתֵינוּ, שֶׁנִּהְיֶה מְלֵאִים מִצְוֹת כָּרִמּוֹן May it be Your will, Lord our G d and the G d of our fathers, that we be filled with mitzvot like a pomegranate [is filled with seeds].

 תפוח בדבש Apple and Honey. Dip an apple in honey – some have the custom of using an apple cooked with sugar – and say: יְהִי רָצוֹן מִלְּפָנֶיךָ ה' אֱלֹהינוּ וֵאלֵֹהי אֲבוֹתֵינוּ, שֶׁתְּחַדֵּשׁ עָלֵינוּ שָׁנָה טוֹבָה וּמְתוּקָה כַּדְּבָשׁ May it be Your will, Lord our G d and the G d of our fathers, that You renew for us a year good and sweet like honey. 

ראש כבש Ram's Head (or the head of another kosher animal or fish4). יְהִי רָצוֹן מִלְּפָנֶיךָ ה' אֱלֹהינוּ וֵאלֵֹהי אֲבוֹתֵינוּ, שֶׁנִּהְיֶה לְרֹאשׁ וְלֹא לְזָנָב May it be Your will, Lord our G d and the G d of our fathers, that we be a head and not a tail. (The following is added only over the head of a ram: וְתִזְכֹּר לָנוּ עֲקֵדָתוֹ וְאֵילוֹ שֶׁל יִצְחָק אָבִינוּ בֶּן אַבְרָהָם אָבִינוּ עַלֵיהֶם הַשָּׁלוֹם …And You shall remember for us the binding and the ram of our forefather Isaac, the son of our forefather Abraham, peace be onto them.)

4 comments:

Davieboy said...

Thanks for this lovely post - Shana Tova, thanks to all who help produce this wonderful website and resource!

Anonymous said...

Shana Tova.

Thank you for all your work, all year round!

NITZAKHON said...

Shana tova. I'm going to update my post SHANA TOVA* with this.

* http://redpilljew.blogspot.com/2020/09/shana-tova.html

NITZAKHON said...

And done. Thank you for the information too.