Page from a hand-painted Hagaddah, 1930s
Articles on the Iraqi-Jewish archive are being published, not just in the English language media, but in the Arabic press by Iraqi Jews. For example Kheder Basson, who lives in Israel, had this passionate piece published in Elaph, the leading online newspaper. The authors report that reaction is mostly positive. One talback calls
for Jews to return to Iraq; another says that the plight of the Jewish
archive is the plight of many Iraqis. Here is a potted English translation of Basson's piece. (With thanks: Maurice)
" Angry, angry,
Iraq's Jews are all angry.... My friends in New York, Los Angeles, Toronto and Montreal, in
London and Amsterdam, in Tel Aviv and Ramat Gan and Or Yehuda and Petah Tikva
are angry about the possibility of the return of the so-called "Iraqi Jewish
Archive" to Iraq.
They stole our lives, stole our childhood, stole our property and stole our
memories. Our memories lay in the flooded basement of Saddam's intelligence HQ. Blue ink flows from
the pages of our memories in the stinking water and we have shed the blood of
so many of our families and our friends. Our images, and our papers are cracked,
our writings torn....
The Iraqi government wants to return to an Iraq without Jews, what
Saddam's regime stole from the Jews of Iraq. Do you want to insult us? Do you want to partake in the theft ?
Is this issue a legal or moral one? Are you entitled to any government
or authority to restore stolen property and personal files to non-owners or
their representatives? Some have compared it to allies restoring
paintings stolen from the Jews of Europe, by the Nazis, to Germany. But I say,
after seeing some of what is in the archive that return would be most outrageous
because we are still alive.
Yesterday I opened the first file under the classification of Shamash (Shamash
prep school) and I was surprised by my name, Kheder Basson, on the first file - chemistry fourth grade. So in a moment I was transported back forty-four years to the school year 1969-1970, when I was a teacher of chemistry to fourth
grade. I was in the final year at the School of Chemical Engineering at the
University of Baghdad, when I was summoned by the headmaster of Shamash school, the late Mr. Abdullah
Obadiah. He said, "I want you graduates of Shamash to help me -
Muslim and Christian teachers have left after being subjected to pressure from security or for fear
of teaching in a Jewish school. I would like to borrow you to teach some subjects" I told
him: "I am in my final year and I will try as much as possible to find the time
It is ironic that officials at the Ministry of Iraqi Antiquities claim that this is
Iraqi heritage. Is Mahmoud Abbas or Uncle Tom Cobley interested in access to our
files and our certification, exam papers, awards obtained, a list of textbooks,
Council resolutions or notes on discipline or ....... ? Except to us and our partners
and our children and grandchildren who want stories passed on to them about our school or
the history of the neighborhood, each paper means nothing. All my friends
are expressing the same feeling.
There among the manuscripts that I've found record of marriages 1947-1949 where I
could find the marriage record of my parents written in Hebrew script. My father was a trader in Iraq and the
Levant. Is it possible to return it to the National
Library of Iraq?
The Iraqi-Jewish archive is not made of relics buried for thousands of years. It is not Sumerian, a Babylonian lion, a Persian Abbasid statue or an
Ottoman cannon. This is not the tomb of Prophet Ezekiel which became a
Shi'ite shrine. ...This is not the Iranian
rug that we left at home while closing it up in the summer of 1973. It
is not a game that my sister left her on her bed when she departed Iraq.
We thank all those Iraqi officials who let this archive
out of Iraq to save it. We thank the U.S. government and the National Archives for their huge efforts in saving what can be saved and rehabilitating what can be
The Iraqi government has a golden opportunity for a historic reconciliation with
the Jews of Iraq. It must transcend its pride and abandon its demand for the return of
what Saddam's regime stole from the Jews of Iraq. This archive represents only
a fraction of what we had left in our homes, in our synagogues, in our schools. There
is a chance to heal some of the wounds and restore to us - and we are alive - some of
our memories. But an Iraqi government that has succeeded in
getting back the stolen personal property of the Jews of Iraq would be complicit
in Saddam's theft.
See article in full (Arabic)
See Google translation in full
Discovery and recovery: a National Archives panel discussion with eyewitnesses (NB regular commercial breaks)