Tuesday, May 08, 2007

BBC article misrepresents why Jews left Iraq

Suddenly, Jews from Iraq living in Israel have become BBC news. The bad news is that, while its interviewees wallow in nostalgia, this article misrepresents the true context in which the Jews left Iraq in 1950 -51.

Jews from Arab countries never 'flee' - like Palestinian refugees - they always 'emigrate' - and for religious reasons. The article also assumes that the UN decision to partition Palestine in 1947 was the turning point in the Jews' fortunes. In fact, conditions for the Jews began to deteriorate in the 1930s, culminating in the massacre of 180 Jews in the 1941 Farhoud, seven years before the establishment of Israel. (With thanks Eli, Robin)


"During the Shia festival of Muharram we would take part in the procession and along with our Arab friends, beat our chests to remember the epic battle of Karbala," said Yakov Reuveni, remembering his youth in 1940s Iraq.

"My best friend was the son of the mayor of Ammara. After school we would go out to the date palm grove with the freshly caught fish from the river Hidekel, which we would barbeque in the fields over an open fire."

The river Hidekel runs through his home province, Ammara, 380km (236 miles) south-east of Baghdad.

Among his most cherished memories, says Yakov, is the after-school stroll along the riverbank with his Arab friend.

He grew up in a moderately well-to-do Jewish home with his parents, four siblings and grandparents.

His father had a clothing store in the heart of Ammara's central market.


It was an easy, happy life. Jews shared almost all aspects of life with their Arab neighbours, reminisces Yakov.

He was 17 years old in 1951, when his family emigrated to Jerusalem.

For the Jews of Middle Eastern origins, like their European co-religionists, coming to Israel was the culmination of a religious journey - it was the fulfilment of the centuries-old dream to live in the so-called Promised Land.

But many who came over to Israel as part of the mass migration that followed the creation of the Jewish state in 1948, look back with nostalgia and fondness for the life that they had left behind.

Israel has a vibrant Iraqi Jewish community who arrived throughout the 1950s. Many Iraqi Jews settled in the area known as Mahane Yehuda in the heart of west Jerusalem. (...)

These stores are still mostly owned by the descendants of the Iraqi and Kurdish Jewish immigrants.

"The most memorable taste was the fish called maskuf, from the river Hidekel," says Yakov.

"After the Sabbath, we would wander off to the fields and have a feast with fish cooked on the spit, Iraqi pita and arak."

After maskuf and arak, a strong aniseed flavoured local alcoholic drink, the boys would go to Ammara's club to watch belly dancing.

Yakov recalls, with vivid, powerful details, the life that he had once led, a life that was changed overnight by the political realities of the time.

"We used to eat with them, sleep with them, go to school with them, the Arabs and the Jews went to the same high school.

"We never thought of who was Jewish and who was Arab, until 1947. It all suddenly changed. The people that you knew as good people turned into bad people for you and you became bad for them. It was very sad."


In the heart of the Mahane Yehuda market is Cafe Mizrakhi, which specialises in certain traditional delicacies from Iraq. The word Mizrakhi means Oriental Jews.

It is owned by Eli Mizrakhi, whose family came from northern Iraq, or what is now known as Iraqi Kurdistan.

"Most of us still feel connected to the country where we or our ancestors came from. Our parents and our grandparents still remember many things from their Iraqi past and they bring them to us, with food, music, language."

Both Eli and Yakov agree that despite having gone through the process of assimilation into Israel, they keep alive many aspects of their previous lives, in particular, Iraqi food and speaking Arabic.

"We used to eat kubbeh and bamia, or okra. The kubbeh, made with minced lamb, was the national food for the Jews all over Iraq. Thursday was the day of khitchri - it's a dish cooked with rice and lentils.

"I still think in Arabic, still I can't string together all my thoughts in Hebrew. You have to understand, my mother tongue is Arabic," says Yakov.

Now living in a small cottage with his wife in south Jerusalem, Yakov keeps himself busy recreating sweet pickled orange from his youth, while longing to someday return to Babylon.


Read article in full

Honest Reporting's critique

Nice story. but where's the context?

Crossposted here and here

1 comment:

ben said...

It didn't start getting bad in the 30s!

Various conequering Empires - including Assyrian, Roman and Ottoman persecuted or outright exiled Jews - creating a great deal of the Jewish diaspora. It was Roman Emperor Hadrian that renamed Israel to Palastina after the Bar Kochba Revolt by Jews against the oppressive Romans. In his bid to erase Israel's Jewish history, he also destroyed temples and artifacts.

Blood Libel's were launched by early Christians.

The Spanish Inquisition was a terror so many Jews fled to the Ottoman Empire, which some historians, ala BEnny Morris, is apologetic of (in their treatment of Jews).

The truth is that the Ottomans 'dhimmified' us, forced us to pay a 'protection' tax (akin to the modern mafia) aka the Jizya and live as second class citizens according to Koran interpretation of SUra 9:2 (I say 'interpretation' but it does say to impose the Jizya on Jews "that they may feel subdued")

There were pogroms throughout Europe and then they were 'imported' to the MidEast - in Iraq there was the Farhun. Nazism also made a mark, the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem supported Hitler so that he was granted an audience, modern Bathism has Nazism in its ancestory.

Then there was the Hebron Massacre (I think in the 20s), Arab marauders and it goes on and on...

Not in the top 10 of world religions by population (more Animalists and Jains) yet blamed for all of woes!

It's been bad for a looong time.

...It's tough being 'Chosen'...