A Muslim but not an Arab country, Pakistan was never technically at war with the Jewish state. The plight of Jews who have fled is not strictly within the scope of this blog.
However, Pakistan has never been at peace with Israel either. Despite the warm handshake between foreign ministers Silvan Shalom and Kurshid Mahmoud Kashuri, the prospect of recognition is some way off. In spite of its nominal anti-terror stance, hostility towards the Jews is virulent. To be a Jew is to be a scapegoat - as unnerving an experience in Pakistan as it was in an Arab country or Iran.
"As the situation of the Jews among Pakistan's many millions of Muslims became increasingly precarious, most chose to leave.
"In 1956, after the Sinai campaign, there were demonstrations outside the synagogue and it was damaged. Most of the remaining Jews left then, and most of them went to Bombay," said Katz. "The last caretaker of the [Magen Shalom] synagogue, a Muslim, rescued artifacts from the synagogue – the bima, the ark, things like that – but he doesn't know what to do with them. They're sitting in his backyard, I think."